What is Civil Litigation?
Civil litigation is a legal process that involves a dispute between two or more parties. Unlike criminal litigation, which involves the state prosecuting an individual for a crime, civil litigation is a private matter between two parties. The goal of civil litigation is to resolve the dispute and, in some cases, to obtain compensation for the harm that has been caused.
There are many different types of civil litigation cases. Some common examples include:
- Personal injury cases: These cases involve injuries that are caused by the negligence of another person or entity. For example, if you are injured in a car accident, you may file a personal injury lawsuit against the other driver.
- Property damage cases: These cases involve damage to property that is caused by the negligence of another person or entity. For example, if your neighbor’s tree falls on your house, you may file a property damage lawsuit against your neighbor.
- Contract disputes: These cases involve disagreements about the terms of a contract. For example, if you hire a contractor to build a deck on your house and the contractor fails to complete the work, you may file a contract dispute lawsuit against the contractor.
- Employment law cases: These cases involve disputes between employees and employers. For example, if you are fired from your job for discriminatory reasons, you may file an employment law lawsuit against your employer.
Civil litigation can be a complex and time-consuming process. If you are involved in a civil lawsuit, it is important to speak with an experienced civil litigation attorney to discuss your case and your legal options.
How Does Civil Litigation Work?
The civil litigation process typically begins with the filing of a lawsuit. The lawsuit will state the facts of the case, the legal claims that are being asserted, and the relief that is being sought. The defendant will then have an opportunity to respond to the lawsuit. Once both parties have filed their pleadings, the case will proceed to discovery. Discovery is the process of exchanging information between the parties. This information can include documents, sworn answers to questions, and sworn testimony.
After discovery is complete, many cases are settled through mediation or informally by the parties. If not, the case will proceed to trial. At trial, the parties will present their evidence to a judge or jury. The judge or jury will then decide the case. If the judge or jury finds in favor of the plaintiff, the plaintiff may be awarded damages. Damages can be awarded for economic losses, such as medical expenses and lost wages, as well as for non-economic losses, such as pain and suffering.
What Are the Benefits of Hiring a Civil Litigation Attorney?
If you are involved in a civil lawsuit, it is important to hire an experienced civil litigation attorney. An attorney can help you understand your legal rights and options, and can represent you in court. An attorney can also help you gather evidence, prepare for trial, and negotiate a settlement.
The cost of hiring an attorney can be expensive, but it is often worth the investment. An attorney can help you protect your rights and get the compensation that you deserve.
If you are considering to pursue a civil lawsuit, or if one has been filed against you, call Halmon Law today at (813) 838-7996 and let us guide you through the process.